Since the time it first came into the picture, augmented reality has inspired and attracted the attention of all most all the industries, when it comes to optimizing it for better outcomes. The use of augmented reality is not only limited to technology, gaming, and education industries, in fact, it can be used in a number of other industries such as medical industry.
According to latest reports, augmented reality can prove to be a very significant tool for surgeons while they function in operating rooms. Augmented reality devices such as Google’s Magic Leap and Microsoft’s Hololens can be used by surgeons for educating trainees in terms of localizing tumors, and accentuating particular anatomy etc.
It is true that surgery powered by augmented reality will be really advantageous, but the optimal way for surgeons to control these augmented reality devices during the surgery is still unknown. According to the theory of aseptic surgical technique, which came into the picture somewhere around the 19th century with the assistance and efforts of Ignac Semmelweis, Joseph Lister, and Louis Pasteur, nothing should be touched by surgeons once they get themselves ready for the surgery. If in case a surgeon touches anything unsterile after he wears his gown and gloves, he/she holds the risk of getting contaminated, which can ultimately lead to infection in the person getting operated. This indicates that all the people and the instruments present in the operating room must be sterilized before the surgery starts so that they can remain free from bacteria and contamination, in order to prevent infection.
This concept also applies to augmented reality devices, and hence it becomes kind of difficult to operate these systems in operating rooms.
However, though it is difficult to control augmented reality devices in OR it is certainly not impossible. Electronic equipment can be controlled in the operating room through voice control system, EMG-powered gesture tracking, optical hand tracking, and foot pedals etc.
Considering the fact that the augmented reality devices are really good at voice recognition technology, voice control can prove to be a really good way of controlling these devices in operating rooms.
In addition to that, all the high-end augmented reality devices also have good support for optical hand tracking, and hence it can also be considered a good way of governing AR devices in OR.
Apart from that AR devices can also be controlled with EMG-based gesture tracking, wherein surgeons have to wear devices such as Myoband on the forearm – which make use of EMG sensors to identify hand position. Since these devices remain under the gown, they are nowhere accountable for any sort of contamination during the surgical procedure.